Useful Tips For Growing Gazania

How to plant and grow Gazania easily and successfully

Photo of author

By Alex

Growing Gazania

Native to Southern Africa, the Gazania is a strikingly ornamental member of the Asteraceae family, bearing a strong resemblance to the daisy in shape. However, it’s the plant’s vivid colors that truly captivate, with flowers bursting in shades of yellow, red, and orange.

Often planted to enhance the visual appeal of flower beds and borders, Gazania is also well-suited for rock gardens and looks spectacular in pots and planters. This resilient perennial is notably drought-tolerant, making it a low-maintenance option that’s relatively easy to cultivate. Nonetheless, to ensure a vibrant display of blooms, proper care and cultivation practices are essential to prevent any issues that might hinder its growth and flowering.

Let’s explore some effective tips for nurturing Gazania to its full potential.

Useful Tips for Growing Gazania: When to Plant

Plant Gazania with the arrival of the warm season when the risk of frost has definitively passed. Around mid-April to early May, plant the seeds in the soil. If you want to start earlier, around March, then proceed with protected seeding in a greenhouse.

In any case, bury the seeds in small groups of 5-8 seeds, about 0.5 cm deep, and spaced about 30-35 cm apart.

For pot cultivation, cover the bottom of the pot with a layer of expanded clay to improve water drainage, and then fill the rest of the container with specific soil for flowering plants.

Once buried, compact the seeds by pressing them down. Keep the soil moist until germination.

Growing gazania
Growing Gazania can be easy: just follow these steps.

When to Transplant Gazania

The best time of year to transplant Gazania is when temperatures are quite mild. Depending on where you live, it is therefore good to proceed in early spring (March-April) or at the start of autumn (September-October).

It’s important to choose a well-lit position with well-drained soil.

Plant Gazania at a depth of about 5-10 cm. If planting multiple plants, be sure to space them about 30 cm apart so that each specimen can grow and develop optimally.

Useful Tips for Growing Gazania: Where to Place It

Gazania is a plant that loves the sun and, to flourish, needs at least 6-8 hours of light a day. Therefore, place Gazania in a sunny area, such as a flower bed in full sun or on a south-facing terrace.

In any case, when temperatures become excessively hot, the plant should still be sheltered, especially during the hottest hours of the day.

Choose a sunny area to plant your Gazania.

Climate and Ideal Locations

Gazania withstands heat well but is very sensitive to cold (it does not tolerate temperatures below 5°C / 41°F). It is therefore ideal to grow it in a pot, so it can be sheltered indoors or in a greenhouse during the cold winter months, and then brought back outside when temperatures become milder.

Gazania is a plant that thrives in the heat, tolerates salt, and withstands the breezy conditions typical of coastal areas. This makes it an excellent choice for beach houses. Although it can be comfortably grown in gardens, flower beds, or borders, growing Gazania in pots is ideal. This allows for easy protection against cold snaps and sudden inclement weather.

Which Soil to Choose for Gazania

The ideal soil where it can be planted and grown is rich in nutrients and well-drained. The ideal substrate consists of universal soil mixed with sand or perlite, which ensures good drainage. For pot cultivation, it is good to use pots with holes at the bottom, so that any excess water can drain through these holes.

griwing gazania
Pot cultivation is also an option.

Useful Tips for Growing Gazania: How Often to Water

Although it is a plant that tolerates drought well, Gazania needs to be watered frequently and regularly, especially during the hot season (spring – summer). It is recommended to use room temperature water to avoid thermal shock and to wait for the soil to dry out completely before proceeding with the next watering.

During watering, it is important to be careful not to wet the flowers or leaves to avoid the onset of fungal diseases.

With the arrival of winter, the plant goes into vegetative rest. During this period, watering can be much rarer.

Fertilizing Gazania

To promote abundant flowering, characterized by large and vividly colored flowers, from April to September, it is advisable to dilute liquid fertilizer specific for flowering plants in the watering water. The treatment should be carried out once every 15 days, following the doses indicated on the fertilizer package carefully.

Other Useful Tips for Growing Gazania: The Importance of Pruning

To keep the plant healthy and with rich flowering, it is good to prune it regularly, removing dry leaves and faded flowers. In this way, in addition to maintaining a neat and tidy appearance, the plant is stimulated to produce new flowers.

Common Pests and Diseases

Although Gazania is a fairly resistant and easy-to-grow plant, it is not immune to diseases and pest attacks.

The diseases that most commonly affect Gazania are:

  • Rust: Caused by various types of fungi, rust causes yellow and/or brown spots on the leaves. To prevent it, it is important to water the plant correctly, avoiding wetting the leaves, and ensuring good air circulation. To treat an infected plant, copper-based fungicides are useful.
  • Gray mold: A fungal disease caused by the fungus Botrytis cinerea. The symptoms are gray or brown spots that appear on flowers and leaves which then begin to wilt, until they fall. To prevent gray mold, the plant should be placed in a dry, well-ventilated place and, during watering, care must be taken not to wet the leaves.

As for pests, the main enemies of Gazania are the following:

  • Scale insects: They attach to flowers and leaves causing yellowing and deformations.
  • Aphids: The so-called plant lice, are small black or green insects, that attach to the plant and feed on its sap. Besides specific insecticides, aphids can be fought using natural remedies like Marseille soap or neem oil.
  • Nematodes: Small worms that attack the roots of plants. A natural system to combat nematocids consists of applying the technique of crop rotation.

How to Multiply Gazanias

Gazania can be multiplied using various techniques.

  • Cuttings. In spring or summer, cuttings about 10-15 cm long are taken from the mother plant. The cuttings are then planted in light and well-drained soil. They should be placed in a warm-humid place until the first roots appear. Once they have rooted, the cuttings are ready to be transplanted into the ground or into pots.
  • Division of clumps. The clumps of the plant are divided into multiple parts, each of which must be equipped with at least one root and one shoot. The new plants thus obtained are then transplanted into a pot or into the open ground. The division of clumps is carried out in autumn or spring.
  • Seed. After flowering, collect the seeds of the Gazania and sow them during the following spring in light and well-drained soil. Covered with a thin layer of soil, the seeds should be kept in a warm-humid environment until germination. Once germination has occurred, the seedlings are ready to be transplanted into the ground or into pots.

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