Unveiling the Charm of Shih Tzu Dogs: A Comprehensive Guide

Shih Tzus are known for their affectionate nature, luxurious coats, and friendly temperament, making them beloved companions worldwide

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By Alex

Shih Tzu

Shih Tzu dogs, with their endearing charm and distinctive appearance, have captured the hearts of dog lovers worldwide. Originating from Tibet, these delightful companions have a rich history and unique characteristics that make them beloved pets in countless households. In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the origins, physical traits, temperament, care requirements, and everything else you need to know about Shih Tzu dogs.

Origin and History

The history of the Shih Tzu is steeped in royalty and mystique. Originating in Tibet over a thousand years ago, they were highly revered as companion dogs by Tibetan monks and Chinese royalty. Bred by crossing the Lhasa Apso and the Pekingese, Shih Tzus were selectively bred for their small size, luxurious coat, and gentle temperament.

Their name, which translates to “lion dog,” reflects their regal appearance and esteemed status.

Physical Characteristics

Shih Tzu dogs are small-sized toy breeds known for their distinctive appearance and charming personalities. Here are their physical characteristics:

  • Size: Shih Tzus typically weigh between 9 to 16 pounds (4 to 7 kilograms) and stand about 8 to 11 inches (20 to 28 centimeters) tall at the shoulder.
  • Body: They have a sturdy, compact body with a level topline. Their chests are deep and broad, giving them a robust appearance despite their small size.
  • Coat: Shih Tzus have a luxurious double coat that consists of a dense, soft undercoat and a long, flowing outer coat. Their fur is straight and dense, often requiring regular grooming to prevent matting.
  • Colors: Their coat comes in various colors, including solid shades such as gold, black, white, and gray, as well as various combinations of these colors.
  • Head: Shih Tzus have a distinctive broad, round head with a short muzzle and a pronounced stop. Their large, dark eyes are set wide apart and have a warm, friendly expression. They typically have a black nose and well-padded lips.
  • Ears: Their ears are large and floppy, framing the face with feathered hair.
  • Tail: Shih Tzus have a high-set, heavily plumed tail that curls over their back, adding to their elegant appearance.


Shih Tzus are known for their affectionate and outgoing temperament. They are friendly, playful, and loyal companions, often forming strong bonds with their owners.

Despite their small size, they possess a confident demeanor and are not easily intimidated. Shih Tzus are generally good with children and other pets, making them excellent family pets.

They thrive on attention and enjoy being the center of affection, often seeking out cuddles and lap time.

While they can be spirited and independent, they also have a gentle nature and are not typically prone to aggression. Shih Tzus are adaptable dogs, equally content in both apartment living and larger homes, as long as they receive adequate attention, exercise, and mental stimulation.


A proper diet for Shih Tzus should consist of high-quality, balanced dog food that meets their nutritional needs.

Here’s some practical advice on what to feed your Shih Tzu:

  • Choose a premium dog food specifically formulated for small breeds or toy breeds. Look for brands that list meat as the first ingredient and avoid foods with excessive fillers or artificial additives.
  • Remember that Shih Tzus require a diet rich in protein for muscle development and overall health. Opt for dog foods containing quality protein sources such as chicken, beef, or fish.
  • Carbohydrates provide energy for your Shih Tzu. Look for dog foods that contain whole grains like brown rice or oats, which are easier to digest.
  • Healthy fats are essential for a shiny coat and overall well-being. Ensure the dog food includes sources of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, such as fish oil or flaxseed.
  • Some Shih Tzus enjoy fruits and vegetables as snacks or additions to their meals. Safe options include apples, carrots, and green beans. Avoid feeding them grapes, raisins, onions, or garlic as these can be toxic to dogs.
  • Shih Tzus are prone to obesity, so it’s essential to feed them appropriate portion sizes based on their age, weight, and activity level. Avoid overfeeding and monitor their weight regularly.
  • Always provide fresh, clean water for your Shih Tzu to prevent dehydration.


The luxurious coat of the Shih Tzu requires regular grooming to keep it looking its best and prevent matting and tangles.

Daily brushing is recommended to remove loose hair and prevent mats from forming. Bathing should be done every 3-4 weeks using a mild dog shampoo to keep their coat clean and healthy.

Regular trimming of the hair around the eyes and ears is also necessary to prevent irritation and infection. Professional grooming every 4-6 weeks can help maintain their coat and overall appearance.

Care of Shih Tzu dogs

In addition to grooming, Shih Tzus require regular exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy. Daily walks, playtime, and interactive toys are essential for keeping them physically and mentally engaged. Additionally, regular veterinary check-ups are crucial for monitoring their health and addressing any potential issues early on.

Proper dental care, including regular brushing and dental exams, is also important to prevent dental problems.

Shih Tzu

Life Expectancy

On average, Shih Tzus have a lifespan of 10 to 18 years, though individual longevity can vary based on genetics, diet, and overall health. Providing them with proper care, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, and routine veterinary care, can help extend their lifespan and ensure they live a happy and fulfilling life.


Shih Tzu puppies are irresistibly cute and playful, but they require special care and attention during their early months. Proper socialization from a young age is crucial to help them develop into well-adjusted adults.

Additionally, house training and obedience training should begin early to establish good habits and prevent behavioral issues. Responsible breeding practices and thorough research are essential when considering adding a Shih Tzu puppy to your family.

Shih Tzu
A cute Shih Tzu puppy

FAQs on Shih Tzus

Here are some frequently asked questions about Shih Tzus:

Do Shih Tzus shed a lot?

Shih Tzus have hair rather than fur, and they do shed, but they basically are low-shedding dogs. Regular grooming, including brushing and occasional trimming, can help minimize shedding and keep their coat healthy.

Are Shih Tzus good with children?

Generally, yes. Shih Tzus have a friendly and tolerant nature, making them good companions for children. However, it’s essential to supervise interactions between young children and dogs to ensure both parties are safe and comfortable.

Are Shih Tzus easy to train?

Shih Tzus can be somewhat stubborn, but they are intelligent dogs and can be trained with patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement techniques. Early socialization and obedience training are essential for shaping their behavior.

Do Shih Tzus bark a lot?

Shih Tzus are known to bark occasionally, especially when they’re excited or alert. However, excessive barking can be curbed through training and providing them with adequate mental and physical stimulation.

Are Shih Tzus prone to health problems?

Like all breeds, Shih Tzus may be predisposed to certain health issues, including brachycephalic syndrome, eye problems, dental issues, and joint problems like hip dysplasia. Regular veterinary check-ups and proper care can help mitigate these risks.

Shih Tzus in short

Here is a summary table of all the characteristics of this dog breed.

Characteristic Description
Size Small
Height at the withers Males: 23 – 28 cm; Females: 20 – 25 cm
Weight 4.5 – 7.3 kg
Life expectancy 10 – 18 years
Coat Long, flowing double coat
Coat color Various colors including black, white, gold, and gray
Character Confident, affectionate, playful
Temperament Affectionate
Training difficulty Low to moderate
Good with children Yes
Good with cats Yes
Good with other pets Yes
Apartment living Suitable
Specialist care Regular grooming required to maintain coat
Health Predisposed to eye and breathing problems


In conclusion, Shih Tzu dogs are delightful companions for families. It’s impossible not to appreciate them for their affectionate nature, distinctive appearance, and rich history. Whatever the reason you appreciate them, Shih Tzus have a special way of bringing joy to the lives of their owners.

By providing them with proper care, nutrition, and love, you can ensure that your Shih Tzu enjoys a happy and fulfilling life as a cherished member of your family.

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