The Pug: a lovable and affectionate life companion

Complete Overview: Traits, Care, and Expert Advice for Pug Owners

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By Kenny G

The Pug, also known as Carlino or Mops in some countries, is a dog breed with a unique appearance and an affectionate nature that has won the hearts of many animal lovers around the world. This small yet sturdy companion has a fascinating history, a distinctive look, and a temperament that makes it suitable for various types of families and lifestyles.

In this article, we will delve into the details of what there is to know about the Pug breed, from its historical origins to its daily care and feeding needs.

Origins of the Pug

The Pug is one of the oldest dog breeds, with origins that can be traced back to before 400 B.C. in China.

These dogs were highly esteemed by Chinese imperial families and were often guarded by soldiers. The breed then made its way to Europe in the sixteenth century and gained popularity in the Netherlands and England, where the royal family also became fond of these dogs.

Main physical characteristics

The Pug is known for its distinctive appearance: it is a small and compact dog with a short, wrinkled muzzle and large expressive eyes.

Their weight varies between 6 and 9 kilograms for an adult specimen, and they have a height at the withers ranging from 25 to 35 centimeters.

The Pug’s coat is short, smooth, and can come in various colors, including shades of black, fawn, silver, and apricot. One of the breed’s most distinctive features is the tail, which curls elegantly over the back.

The Character of the Pug

Pugs are known for their affectionate and playful personality. They are very attached to their family and love to be the center of attention.

Despite their small size, they have a strong presence and are known to be surprisingly courageous. They are also very suitable for children, making them an excellent choice for families.

Feeding the Pug

The Pug’s diet should be carefully monitored to avoid overweight problems, which can lead to health complications. It is advisable to provide them with a balanced diet specific for small breed dogs, dividing the food into two meals a day and avoiding overfeeding.

It is also important to ensure that the Pug always has access to fresh and clean water.

Grooming and Care of the Pug

Despite the short coat, Pugs shed regularly, so it is necessary to brush them frequently to remove dead hair. The wrinkles on their face must be cleaned regularly to avoid infections or irritations. In addition, nails should be trimmed regularly, and ears checked to prevent wax buildup or debris.

Health and Care of the Pug

Pugs can suffer from certain health conditions, such as respiratory problems due to their flat face, known as Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome (BOAS), and eye problems due to their large protruding eyes. It is crucial to consult a veterinarian regularly for routine checks to ensure that the Pug remains in good health.

Life Expectancy

A well-cared-for Pug has a life expectancy of about 12-15 years. Maintaining a healthy weight, providing a balanced diet, ensuring regular physical exercise, and veterinary visits can help maximize the longevity and quality of life of these dogs.

Pug Puppies

Pug puppies require special attention during the first few months of life. It is crucial that they grow up in a loving and safe environment.

When bringing home Pug puppies, it is important to start socialization and basic training immediately. Being very intelligent, Pugs learn quickly but can also be stubborn, so consistency is key.

Pugs at a glance

And now, a summary table of all the characteristics of this dog.

Characteristic Description
Size Small
Height at the withers Males: 30-35 cm; Females: 23-28 cm
Weight Males: 6-8 kg; Females: 5-7 kg
Chest circumference 45 – 55 centimeters
Life expectancy Males: 12-15 years; Females: 13-16 years
Character Affectionate, playful
Fur Short, soft
Coat color Black, brown, white
Food 3 times a day, dry food
Fur care Regular brushing
Need for exercise Moderate
Training difficulty Moderate
Learning ability Good
Affection towards owner Strong
Need for attention Medium-high
Compatibility with other animals Good
Compatibility with children Good
Price Medium-high, between 1,300 and 1,500 euros
Climate tolerance Medium-low for hot and cold temperatures
Common diseases Respiratory problems, corneal ulcers, eye inflammations
Heat cycle First between 6-12 months, then twice a year, lasting about a month
Country of origin Belgium
Suitable for Companionship, apartment living


Frequently Asked Questions About the Pug

Here are now some answers to the most frequently asked questions about this breed of dogs.

Can a Pug live in an apartment?

Yes, the Pug is perfect for apartment living due to its small size and calm nature. However, like any dog, it needs regular exercise to stay fit and happy.

How much exercise does a Pug need?

Despite their stature, Pugs are quite energetic. They need a moderate amount of daily exercise, such as short walks or play sessions, to maintain a healthy weight and meet their need for interaction.

Are they easy to train?

Pugs can be successfully trained due to their intelligence and desire to please their owners. However, they can be stubborn, so it is important to be patient and consistent in training.

How to manage specific health problems?

It is vital to choose a good veterinarian and have regular check-ups. Many of the Pugs’ health conditions can be managed with prevention, such as maintaining a healthy body weight, ensuring good air ventilation and humidity, and implementing daily care for the skin and eyes.

Do Pugs get along with other pets?

Generally, Pugs get along with other pets, especially if raised together or properly socialized. They are sociable dogs that often enjoy the company of other dogs and animals.

Other small dog breeds to discover

Here are some examples of other small dog breeds besides the Maltipoo:

  • All About the Maltipoo, a charming mix between a Maltese Dog and a Toy poodle dog, a smaller version of the Poodle, known for their intelligence and their curly coat that doesn’t shed much, considered hypoallergenic.
  • Chihuahua: famous for their small size but big personality, Chihuahuas are lively and devoted dogs, both short-haired and long-haired.
  • Pomeranian: these dogs have a thick, fluffy double coat and are known for their lively and curious nature.
  • Yorkshire Terrier: these dogs have a beautiful silky coat and are very affectionate and energetic.
  • Shih Tzu: originating from China, these dogs have a short muzzle and a long silky coat that requires regular grooming.
  • Cavalier King Charles Spaniel: these dogs have a regal appearance, are gentle, patient, and suitable for all family members.
  • Boston Terrier: also known as “American Gentlemen” for their coat that resembles a tuxedo, they are friendly and lively.
  • Jack Russell Terrier: they are very active and intelligent dogs with a strong hunting instinct and a lively personality.
  • Dachshund: popular for their long body and short legs, Dachshunds are brave and playful.
  • Bichon Frise: these dogs look like cotton balls and are cheerful and playful.
  • French Bulldog: this breed is loved for its sturdy appearance, bat-like ears, and amiable character.
  • Miniature Schnauzer: They are energetic and protective dogs, with a distinctive beard and thick eyebrows.
  • Corgi: With their short legs and elongated bodies, Corgis are active and affectionate dogs known for being the mascots of Queen Elizabeth II.